Bullying is any form of psychological, verbal, or physical abuse that occurs repeatedly among schoolchildren over a period of time. Statistically, the dominant type of violence is emotional and occurs mostly in the classroom and courtyard of schools. The protagonists of school bullying cases are usually children entering adolescence (12-14 years), with a slightly higher percentage of girls in the profile of victims.

Types of bullying

  1. Social blockade
  2. Harassment
  3. Manipulation
  4. Coactions
  5. Social exclusion
  6. Intimidation
  7. Aggressions
  8. Threats

Social block

It groups bullying actions that seek to socially block the victim. All of them seek social isolation and their marginalization imposed by these blocking behaviors.

Examples are the prohibitions of playing in a group, of talking or communicating with others, or of anyone talking or relating to him, because they are indicators that point to an attempt by others to break the social network of supports of the child.

It is included within this group of actions to get involved with the victim to make him cry. This behavior seeks to present the child socially, among the peer group, as someone loose, unworthy, weak, helpless, stupid, crying, etc.


It groups those bullying behaviors that consist of actions of harassment and psychological harassment that show contempt, disrespect and disregard for the dignity of the child. Contempt, hatred, ridicule, ridicule, contempt, motes, cruelty, gesture of contempt, imitation burlesque are the indicators of this scale.

Social manipulation

It groups those bullying behaviors that attempt to distort the child's social image and "poison" others against him. With these it tries to present a negative, distorted and negatively charged image of the victim. The inks are charged against everything the victim says or does, or against everything he has not said or done. No matter what you do, everything is used and serves to induce the rejection of others.


It groups those bullying behaviors that pretend that the victim acts against his will. Through these behaviors those who harass the child intend to exercise a mastery and a total submission of their will.

The fact that the victim does these things against his will provides those who force or distort that will different benefits, but above all social power. Those who harass are perceived as powerful, above all, by others who witness the victim's bowing. Often, coercion means that the child is a victim of abuse, abuse or unwanted sexual behavior that must be silenced for fear of reprisals on himself or his siblings.

Social exclusion

It groups bullying behaviors that seek to exclude from participation the harassed child. The "you do not" is the center of these behaviors with which the harassing group socially segregates the child. To ignore it, to treat it as if it did not exist, to isolate it, to prevent its expression, to prevent its participation in games, the social emptiness in its surroundings takes place.


It groups those school bullying behaviors that seek to intimidate, intimidate, intimidate or consume the child through an intimidating action. With them those who harass seek to induce fear in the child. Its indicators are actions of intimidation, threat, intimidating physical harassment, harassment upon leaving school.

Threat to integrity

It groups bullying behaviors that seek through threats against the physical integrity of the child or his family, or through extortion.

How is bullying prevented?

It is estimated that simultaneous intervention on individual, family and socio-cultural factors is the only possible way of preventing bullying. Prevention can be done at different levels.

Primary prevention would be the responsibility of the parents (commitment to a democratic and non-authoritarian education), society as a whole and the media (in the form of self-regulation for certain content).

A secondary prevention would be the concrete measures on the population at risk, that is, the adolescents (fundamentally, to promote a change of mentality with respect to the necessity to report cases of bullying even if they are not victims of them), and on the population Directly linked to this, the teaching staff (in the form of training in skills suitable for prevention and resolution of school conflicts).

Finally, tertiary prevention would be the measures to help the protagonists in cases of bullying.

This article was last modified: Jan. 2, 2018, 2:11 a.m.